In the late 19th century, the English scientist, George Cayley, created the first harness for a vehicle - for a glider. However, the patent for this invention came years later, when Edward Claghorn, in 1885, integrated the belt for cars as well. The goal of the American was additional security for travelers in New York taxis.
50 years later, the first tests began to establish the effectiveness of the seat belt. The creator of the modern belt, Nils Bohlin, was hired by Volvo to optimize the design and functionality of the belt. His prototype protects both the upper and lower body of the driver and the passengers, as it fastens diagonally across the torso, rather than horizontally across the stomach as before. According to Volvo statistics, by the end of his life, Bohlin and his invention saved more than 1 million lives in just 40 years.
In 1976, Germany made seat belts mandatory for front seat passengers. The then head of AZT (Allianz Zentrum für Technik) - Max Danner - made a big contribution to the introduction of this law.